Article 47 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) explicitly recognises the legal personality of the European Union, making it an independent entity in its own right.
The conferral of legal personality on the EU means that it has the ability to:
- conclude and negotiate international agreements in accordance with its external commitments;
- become a member of international organisations;
- join international conventions, such as the European Convention on Human Rights , stipulated in Article 6(2) of the TEU.
Source: EUR Lex Glossary